Libmonster ID: VN-1297

Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Prize Winner (1990), Chief Researcher of the Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences Boris Lvovich Riftin turned 70 years old. Riftin is a well-known expert on Chinese folklore and literature in China.

He is the author of the first monograph on Chinese folklore in our country ("Tales of the Great Wall and the problem of genre in Chinese folklore", Moscow, 1961), which immediately aroused the interest of scientists from different countries, as evidenced by reviews that appeared not only in Russia, but also in China, Czechoslovakia, Italy and other countries. Started in the 1950s, the research direction of Chinese folk culture has become the main one in the scientific biography of the scientist. His second monumental work, " The Historical Epic and Folklore Tradition in China "(Moscow, 1970), was published in Shanghai in 1997 in Chinese translation and, despite almost 30 years that have passed since the appearance of the Russian edition, immediately attracted the attention of researchers of the Chinese novel and folk culture. It was distinguished not only by the abundance of material collected, but also by a fundamentally new research method (for example, the structure of a Chinese prose tale, the question of epic motifs in Chinese legends, novels and dramas, etc.). For the first time in science, B. L. Riftin raised the question of the evolution of portraiture of characters. His book " From Myth to Novel. The evolution of character Portrayals in Chinese literature "(Moscow, 1979), which also attracted responses abroad.

In general, the study of Chinese mythology since the 1960s has become one of the main areas of work of the scientist. Under his editorship and with his additions, a Russian translation of Yuan Ke's book "Myths of Ancient China" (1965, expanded edition 1987, and a new expanded edition is being prepared) was published, and he also owns more than a hundred articles in " Myths of the Peoples of the World"and separate studies of the main images of ancient Chinese mythology.

In 1992, B. L. Riftin was invited by Tsinghua University to Taiwan to deliver a course of lectures on Chinese folklore and lead the scientific program "Collecting and comparative study of Aboriginal folklore in Taiwan". The result of this seven-year fieldwork was a book published in Taichung in 1998, From Tales of the Gods to Tales of Evil Spirits. A comparative study of the myths and fairy tales of the aborigines of Taiwan". Beijing scientists became interested in it, and in 2001 the second expanded edition of this book was published by the publishing house of the Academy of Social Sciences of the People's Republic of China. Riftin's collected folklore texts of the Bunun and Sadek peoples are being prepared for publication in Taiwan.

Another area of work of the scientist is the survey of Chinese collections of libraries in Russia and other countries to identify unique manuscripts and rare editions of ancient Chinese novels, dramas and works of popular literature. Starting this work in 1962, the scientist immediately discovered in LO YIWAN a unique list of the earliest version of the most famous Chinese novel "Dream in the Red Chamber" (XVIII century), which was brought to Russia in 1832 by a student P. Kurlyandtsev. The discovery aroused great interest among specialists from different countries, and in 1986 a facsimile edition of this manuscript in six volumes was published in Beijing. The unique collections of Chinese dramas discovered by B. L. Riftin in Denmark and Austria were also published in Shanghai in 1993, and in 1997 in Taipei in 10 volumes was published. Lenin's unknown Chinese novel of the early Hush century. "Tu wan Yan "("Maybe so, maybe not so"), after which its pirated reprints appeared in Beijing and the study of this interesting everyday novel began. Currently, the scientist is preparing a detailed description of ancient manuscripts and rare editions of works of Chinese literature that he discovered in 10 countries of Europe and Asia (Russia, England, Germany, Denmark, Holland, Austria, Sweden, Czech Republic, Vietnam and Mongolia).

In parallel with the search for rare editions, B. L. Riftin is engaged in the study of ancient translations of Chinese novels and novels. He is also interested in the history of Russian sinology. Under the editorship of B. L. Riftin, a three-volume collected works of V. M. Alekseev is currently being prepared for publication. One more topic of Riftin's scientific activity is connected with the legacy of V. M. Alekseev and the continuation of his work - the collection and research of Chinese folk paintings (nianhua). In 1990, a large colorful album "Rare Chinese Folk Paintings from Soviet collections", compiled by him together with Chinese scientists, was published in Beijing.-

page 200


It includes works discovered by B. L. Riftin in our museums that were not preserved in China itself (the album was published in Chinese and in Russian as two independent editions), and now the scientist is working on a monograph "The Chinese Novel and Folk Art".

If you look at the published list of works of the scientist for the last 10 years,it is not difficult to see that most of the works (and this is not only translations, but also research) are published in the PRC and Taiwan in Chinese. This indicates that the works of a Russian scholar who tries to apply the methods of Russian philology to the study of Chinese material invariably find readers in China itself and other countries (many of his works are translated in Japan and Vietnam).

MAIN SCIENTIFIC WORKS OF B. L. RIFTIN*

The people of tsou. 64 years after N. A. Nevsky / / Vostok (Oriens). 1992. N 5. pp. 107-116. Ditto v kn.: Peterburgskoe vostokovedenie [The same in the book: Petersburg Oriental Studies]. SPb., 1996, issue 8, pp. 551-560.

Aodili guojia tushuguan sotsang hanwen zhenben shumu (Description of rare Chinese books stored in the Austrian State Library) / / Beijing: Wenxian, 1992. N 2. pp. 66-74.

Die Bescreibung des heldischen Zweikampfes im ostmongolischen Epos // Fragen der mongolis-chen Heldendichtung. Weisbaden, 1992. Teil V. S.145 - 182.

Hanwen gu xiaosho lunheng (Critical judgments about ancient prose in Chinese) / / Nanjing, 1992. 354 p.

To the Teacher's portrait // Accuracy-poetry of Science (in memory of Viktor Vasilyevich Petrov). St. Petersburg, 1992, pp. 158-168.

Sulyan yanju Zhongguo wenxue lilun gaikuan (General review of the study of Chinese literary theory in the USSR). / / Zhongguo wenzhe yanju-dy huigu yu zhanwang lunwen ji Taipei, 1992.pp. 321-327.

Sanguo zhi pinghua zhong-di minjian xiushishi muti (Epic motifs in the folk book "Pinghua on the" History of the Three Kingdoms") / / Zhonghua wenypi luntsong. Shanghai, 1992, issue 49, pp. 165-196.

Sibolia ji Ego yuandong diqiu-zhi minzu minjian wenxue congshu (On the series "Monuments of Folklore of the peoples of Siberia and the Far East") / / Dalu zazhi, 1992. Vol. 85. N 6. pp. 1-8.

Comp., transl., preface / / Fairy tales of China. Moscow, 1993.

Zhongguo guday shenhua yu zhanghui xiaosho (Ancient Chinese mythology and a multi-title novel) / / Hanxue yanjiu, 1993. Vol. 11. N 1. pp. 361-382.

Zhongguo xiandai wenxue zai Ego (fanyi ji yanjiu) [Modern Chinese Literature in Russia (translations and Research)] Zhongguo wenhua yanjiu, 1993. N 2. pp. 117-124. The same Zhongguo xiandai wenxue yu jiaoxue guoji yanjiuhui lunwenji. Taipei, 1997. pp. 307-327.

Preface / / Haiwai guben wanming xijuxuan san zhong (Three unique collections of Late Chinese Drama). Shanghai, 1993. pp. 1-7 (sovm. With Li Ping).

Taiwan zouzu minjian geyao xu (Preface to the collection "Tsou Folk Songs in Taiwan") / / Taiwan zouzu minjian geyao. Taichung, 1993. pp. 9-22.

"Sanguo yanyi" by yu minjian xushishi ("The Three Kingdoms" and Folk Epos) / / Donghai xuebao, 1993. Vol. 34. pp. 19-46.

She zhi shenhua bijiao yanjiu-i bunun shenhua wei zhu (A comparative study of the myth of shooting at the sun - based on the myth of the Bunun peoples) / / Dong-a munhwa. Seoul, 1993. N31. pp. 51-78.

Zhongguo zhanghui xiaosho ji suwenxue shumu bui (Additions to the catalogues of Chinese novels and works of popular literature) / / Hanxue yanju. 1993. Vol. 11. N 2. pp. 325-360.

Elosa sotsan Guangdong suwenxue kanben shulu (Description of works of Cantonese popular literature in the collections of Russia) / / Hanxue yanju. 1994. Vol. 12. N 1. pp. 365-403.

Genre in Chinese Medieval literature // Historical Poetics: literature-


* Comp. : E. D. Lebedeva, E. V. Kuznetsova. For the works of B. L. Riftin for 1955-1992, see: Orient (Oriens). 1993. N 3. pp. 209-213.

page 201


modern epochs and types of artistic consciousness, Moscow, 1994, pp. 267-296.

Time as a Factor of Narration in "San Kuo Chih p'nghua" // Archiv Orientalni. 1994. N 62. P. 315 - 325.

"Sanguo zhi yanyi" yanjiu wenxian mulugao bui (Additions to the bibliography of materials and research "Three Kingdoms") / / Chukoku koten sesetsu kenkyu dotai. Tokyo, 1994. June, pp. 92-111.

Chinese Literature in Russia in the 18-th and Early 19-th Centuries // Europe Studies China, Papers from an International Conference on the History of European Sinology. L., 1995. P. 392 - 418.

Dago sotsan Guangdong suwenxue kanben shulu (Descriptions of publications of works of Guangdong vernacular literature stored in Germany) / / Hanxue yanju. Taipei, 1995. Vol. 13. N 1. pp. 87-135.

Zhongyang yanjiuyuan Fu Si-nian tushuguan han jian Guangdong muyushu shulu (Description of rare editions of Guangdong Muyushu works stored in the Fu Si-nian Library at the Central Academy of Sciences) / / Zhongguo wenzhe yanju tongxun. Taipei, 1995. Vol. 5. N 3. pp. 87-136.

Hepingxiang taiyazu gushi, geyao (Tales and songs of the Taiya people from Hepingxiang Parish) / / Hepingxiang taiyazu gushi, geyao ji. Taichung, 1995. pp. 10-32.

The New Chinese Religion // Tiandijiao. Novoe ponimanie kosmosa i zhizni [New understanding of space and Life], Moscow, 1996, pp. 5-22.

Guan-di chuanypo yu guan-di xinyan / / Guan-di yanjiu-dy xin tanso (The Legend of Guan-di: new research). Zhongjiao zhexue, Taipei. 1996. N 7. pp. 147-164.

Zhongguo cha jiu chuansho chu tan (Preliminary research on Chinese traditions about tea and wine) / / Di sijie Zhongguo yinshi wenhua xueshu yantaohui. Taipei, 1996. pp. 315-335. Ditto: Minjian wenhua. Shanghai, 1997. N 1.

"Sangho yanyi" oi minjian wenxue chu-antun ("The Three Kingdoms" and folklore tradition). Shanghai, 1997. p. 428.

Li Fu-qing lun Zhongguo gudian xiaosho (Riftin on Chinese Classical Narrative Prose). Taipei, 1997. 344 p.

Guan-gong chuansho yu "Sanguo yanyi" (Legends of Guan-gong and the "Three Kingdoms"). Taipei, 1997. 368 p. 2nd ed.: Taipei, 1999.

"Gu Wan yan" by Xiaosho chaoben-zhi faxian (How the manuscript of the novel "Gu wan yan" was found) / / Gu wan yan. Taipei, 1997. Vol. 10, pp. 3053-3057.

Tsung shenhua tao guihua: Taiwan yuan-zhumin shenhua, gushi bijiao yanjiu (From Myths to Tales of Evil Spirits: A Comparative Study of Aboriginal Myths and Fairy Tales in Taiwan). Taichung, 1998. 337 p. Additional edition titled: Shenhua yu guihua (Myths and Stories about Evil Spirits). Beijing, 2001. 410 p.

Zhongguo gud'ian shige yanju zai Ego (Studying classical Chinese Poetry in Russia) / / Hanxue yanju tongxun. Taipei, 1997. Vol. 16. N 2. pp. 135-145. Ditto: Wenxue yichan. Beijing, 1997, N 6. pp. 103-114.

Tsung minjian wenxue guandan kan Taiwan bunun zu shenhua, gushi (Myths and fairy tales of the Bunun people from a folklore point of view) // Shoujie Taiwan minjian wenxue xueshu yantaohui. Chiayi, 1997. pp. 75-79; The same in English, yaz.: Examining the Mythology of the Taiwan Bunun People: A Folk Literature Approach / / Taiwan Literature, English Translation Series. Santa Barbara, 2001. N 9. P. 191 - 213.

"Sanguo yanyi" by nianhua yu Guan-gong banhua (Splints on the themes of the "Three Kingdoms" and engravings with the image of Guan-gong) / / Shakai-kara Chukoku minken neng. Essays by panelists. Tokyo, 1998, pp. 1-26 (in Chinese and Japanese).

Legends about evil spirits in the folklore of the aborigines of Taiwan // Eastern demonology. From Folk Beliefs to Literature, Moscow, 1998, pp. 44-60.

Zhongguo xiaosho yu minjiang wenxue guanxi (Chinese Narrative Prose and Folklore) / / Zhongguo yuwen longcong. Seoul, 1998. Vol. 15, pp. 91-110. Ditto: Linnan xuebao. Hong Kong, 1999, No. 1, pp. 119-136. Ditto: Mingzu yishu. Guiyang, 1999. N 4. pp. 76-95.

At the origins of Russian-Chinese literary relations // Oriental Studies and World culture. To the 80th anniversary of Academician S. L. Tikhvinsky, Moscow, 1998, pp. 335-344.

Taiwan yuanzhumin shenhua tezheng (Features of the mythology of the aborigines of Taiwan) / / Taiwan yuyan ji jiaoxue. Guoji yantaohui lunwen ji 1. Hsinchu, 1998. pp. 193-210.

"Three Kingdoms" in Chinese Storytelling. A comparative study // The Eternal Storyteller. Oral Literature in Modern China. Richmond, 1999. P. 137 - 160.

Xin jian-dy Guangdong suqu shulu-i minban "Hua jian ji" by wei zhongxin (Description of newly discovered works of popular literature of Guangdong province and the Minsk edition of "Hua jian ji") // Hanxue yanji. 1999. Vol. 17. N 1. pp. 201-227.

page 202


Rosia syuzo-no Tyukoku nenga (Chinese New Year's pictures stored in Russia) / / Tyukoku hanga kenkyu. Tokyo, 1999. February, pp. 7-14.

Zaoqi dy Zhongguo nianhua shoucang ji nianhua jieshi (V. M. Alexeev nianhua shoucang ji qi yanjiu) [Early collections of Chinese folk paintings and their interpretation (collection of V. M. Alexeev and his research)] / / The Third World Symposium on Chinese Popular Prints in Tokyo, Essays by panelists. Tokyo, 1999. P. 17 - 26.

Sanguo gushi nianhua tulu (Illustrated description of folk paintings on the stories of the legends of the Three Kingdoms) / / Lishi wenwu. 1999. Vol. 9. N 11. pp. 31-50. Vol. 9. N 12. pp. 5-22.

Rosia-niokeru shinoroji-Chukoku bungaku kenkyu o chushin tosh'te (Sinology in Russia: the Study of Chinese literature) / / Chukoku koden sesetsu kenkyu. 1999. N 5. pp. 1-20. The hero of the "Three Kingdoms" sage Zhuge Liang in the legends of the Chinese and other peoples of Southwest China // Time is a prisoner. In memory of Sergey Sergeevich Tselniker, Moscow, 2000.

Saidekezhen shenhua gushi chu tan (Preliminary research on the myths and fairy tales of the Sedek people) / / Minzu wenxue yanju. 2000. N 1. pp. 90-94.

Tsung bijiao shenhua jiaodu kan Wen I-do "Fuxi kao" ("Investigations of Fuxi" by Wen I-do from the point of view of comparative mythology) // Daizong xuebao.Taian, 2001, No. 1, pp. 47-49.

Jinyan elosa hanxuetjia Alekeseefu dansheng ibayershi zhounyan (To the 120th anniversary of the birth of the Russian sinologist Alekseyev) / / Hanxue yanji tongxun. 2001. N 79. pp. 63-69.

"Liaozhai zhi yi" zai Ego-Alekeseefu yu "Liaozhai zhi yi" - dy fanyi he yanjiu // Liaozhai yanjiu lunji. Beijing, 2001. pp. 451-477. The same: Hanxue yanjiu tongxun 2001. N 80. pp. 28-42.

Rec.: Countries and Peoples of the East, St. Petersburg, issue 29. Boris Ivanovich Pankratov, Mongolistics. Synology. Buddhology // East (Oriens). 2001. N 1. pp. 186-192.

Afterword to the article "Forgotten Expedition" by Karen Kaprielov / / Vostochnaya kollektsiya. N 4. p. 2001. pp. 104-107.

Cong bijiao shenhua jiaodu zai lun Fuxi deng ji wei shenhua renwu (Again about Fuxi and other mythical heroes from the point of view of comparative mythology) / / Xin Gud'ian xin yi. Taipei, 2001, pp. 1-32.

Zhuge Liang chuansho chu tan (Legends of Zhuge Liang. Preliminary considerations) / / China in seinen biographischen Dimensionen. Gedenk-schrift fuer Helmut Martin. Wiesbaden, 2001. S. 57 - 64.

Chukoku jojutsu bungaku-niokeru jimbutsu besya-no hansen katei (The process of character image evolution in Chinese Narrative Literature) / / Chukoku bungaku kenkyu. 2001. N 27. p. 1-23.

Chinese splints from the RSL Foundation / / Vostochnaya kollektsiya. 2002. N 2.

The Study of Chinese Classical Literature in Russia // Asian Research Trends: A. Humanities and Social Science Review. 2002. N 12. C. 49 - 88.


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