China Keywords:, Chinese diaspora, policy towards foreign compatriots, cultural expansion
The potential of foreign diasporas is actively used by a number of countries around the world. For this purpose, official concepts or programs for interaction with diasporas are developed. At the same time, the support of foreign compatriots becomes an important direction in the foreign policy activities of a particular country.
The Diaspora, according to D.polit. N. T. V. Poloskovoy, is "not only a form, mechanism and means of existence of historically formed communities that are carriers of certain ethno-cultural traditions, but also a political tool." At the same time, "the so-called rules of the game that the diaspora is forced to adhere to depend not only on the situation in the country of residence, but also on the policy principles that the historical homeland adheres to in interaction with the diaspora"1
Interaction between the historical homeland and the diaspora is often a mutually directed and mutually beneficial process involving specially created institutions of power structures, on the one hand, and various diaspora organizations, on the other. There are several models of interaction, the main of which are "repatriation", paternalistic (protection) and pragmatic (partnership)"2.
The migration exodus of Chinese and the creation of diasporas began long before the 20th century.
Some of them emigrated from Southern China as early as the 14th and 16th centuries, others traveled illegally to colonial plantations in the 19th century, and many fled the revolution, civil wars, and famine as early as the 20th century.
China has long understood the importance of the diaspora and maintained diverse ties with it3. This tradition is continued by the leadership of the People's Republic of China, very successfully using the huge material, scientific, technical, cultural and linguistic potential of foreign compatriots (huaqiao).
Today, about 40 million Huaqiao live outside the bor ... Read more