A. V. MITROFANOVA, I. P. OSTAPENKO, L. S. ROGACHEVSKAYA. Study of the History of Soviet Factories and Plants: Results and Tasks
The authors analyse the main results of the study of the history of Soviet factories during the last fifty years initiated by the CC CPSU (B) decision of November 10, 1931 "On the Publication of 'History of Factories" and M. Gorky's role in unfolding mass movement of workers, scientists and writers for creating works on the history of factories and plants and in further development of this most important line of Soviet historical research. The authors have identified individual stages of research in this field, pointed out the general and the particular inherent in literature of each stage and formulated immediate scientific tasks.
I. D. KOVALCHENKO, Corresponding Member, USSR Academy of Sciences, A. E. SHIK LO. The Turn of the 20th-century Crisis of the Russian Bourgeois Historical Science
The article sums up Soviet research of the crisis of the Russian bourgeois historical science at the turn of the 20th century, points to problems requiring further investigation and charts the ways of such research and its theoretical and methodological aspects. Comprehensive analysis of the crisis should be directed at the study of the internal contraditions inherent in the Russian bourgeois historical science while systems approach should constitute the methodological basis of research. Two major figures of the conservative trend of the Russian liberal-bourgeois historiography-P. N. Milyukov and A. S. Lappo-Danilevsky-are taken in order to illustrate concrete manifestations of the
E. V. KOVALEV. Genesis, Evolution and Some Specific Features of Latin American Agrarian Relations
Agrarian relations in Latin America have been formed under the impact of Spanish and Portuguese conquests, they were based on both pre-conquest type of relations and relations brought to the region by the Spaniards and Portuguese. Their most characteristic feature has become slave or serf dependence of the indigenous population which has slackened capitalist development in agriculture proceeding in more or less "Prussian" way. Concentration of land in the hands of few big landowners leads to the situation when the bulk of the peasantry has little or no land, they fight for land and new forms of production and social organisation in agriculture, against latifundism.
E. M. KOZHOKIN. On the Consolidation of Class Consciousness of the French Proletariat
The author reconstructs types of the working-class consciousness, studies some aspects of the formation of class approach to society among progressive proletarians of the epoch of the industrial revolution on the basis of letters, pamphlets and reminiscences of 19th-century French proletarians.
K. P. KORZHEVA. Problem of Early Christian Ideology in Soviet Historiography
The author proceeds from the Marxist-Leninist proposition that the emergence of early Christian ideology caused an ideological upheaval in the period of the collapse of the antique order in the Roman Empire (lst-2nd centuries) which was accompanied by the disintegration of the old ideology engendering an ideological struggle of the lower social strata against the ruling class. The author takes as her subject Soviet historiography of the question from the 1920s-1930s up to our day and notes that Soviet historians tend to regard early Christian ideology as a broad movement, as a passionate protest of the exploited freemen and slaves against the Empire, its ideology and morals, and as one of the forms of class struggle.
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