Libmonster ID: VN-760
Author(s) of the publication: Yaroslav RENKAS

For more than 30 years now a team of researchers headed by the Director of the Irkutsk Institute of Chemistry of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Boris Trofimov, has been conducting studies of acetylene-a colorless gas with an unpleasant smell which was traditionally used for domestic lighting. Today it is widely used for welding and cutting of metals, synthesis of acrylonitrile, acetaldehyde, vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, etc. And in the face of the rapid dwindling of carbohydrate raws on our planet it is becoming an alternative to oil and natural gas because, if necessary, it can be turned into a universal fuel raw. Acetylene is a powerful endothermal accumulator: the energy spent on it formation is released in the process of chemical reactions which are considerably accelerated.

The school of Acad. Boris Trofimov accentuates the principle of what they call readiness for instant interactions of nucleophilic reagents via the main catalytic systems. As a result they have been able to discover new reactions, synthetic methods and technologies and develop some earlier unknown products and materials. The list of such discoveries includes: synthesis of pyrolles from ketoximes (molecules from atoms of carbon and oxygen) and acetylene, called the "Trofimov reaction" in monographs and textbooks; hydrotational trimerization of acetylene into 2-vyniloxibutadien; region and stereospecific vinylation of red phosphorus (the most active and ecologically safest modification) and phosphine; synthesis of vinyloxiallenes from acetylene alcohols and many other things.

"Trofimov reaction" has led to the development of key fragments of such systems as hemoglobin, chlorophyll and other related compounds. They have made it possible to synthesize certain semi-products for the manufacture of medicines and materials used in optoelectronics. Using this reaction has considerably reduced the cost of these final products.

The discovery of the Irkutsk scientist provided the basis of a new promising area in the sphere of fine organic synthesis, oriented at biologically active substances which are now used for the making of preparations against HIV-infection (d4T, AZT), vitamins and antibiotics. In many cases synthesis of such complex systems can be described as cascade "self-assembly' which takes place in moderate biometric conditions (water, room temperature). Specialists have also developed new areas of research like the chemistry of phosphide- and phosphinit-ions. Thanks to them it has been possible to obtain phosphoorganic compounds for the production of metal-complex catalysts of a new generation and also of photoreceptors, lurniniophores, nonlinear-optical materials, antipyrenes and photoreagents.

Developing on the basis of the "Trofimov reaction" is the chemistry of pyrroles and N-vinylpyrolles both in Russia (Moscow, St. Petersburg) and in other countries (United States, Britain, France). Irkutsk scientists have developed a fundamentally new method of activation of elementary phosphorus in heterogenic media, above all of its red modification. This has caught the attention of specialists in the Netherlands.

Summing it up, the fundamental studies of members of the school of Acad. Trofimov have made it possible to identify industrially "feasible" methods of synthesis of such products as building blocks, semi-functional monomers, sulfuric polymers, proton-exchange membranes, epoxy resins, special-purpose solvents, ionites, extragents, sorbents, surface-active substances, inhibitors of corrosion, fuel additives, oxidation-reduction and photosensitive polymers, components for optoelectronic devices and lithium sources of current, organic electrolytes, pharmaceutical preparations, fragrant substances and pesticides.

Summing it up, the Irkutsk research unit, which includes 25 doctors of science and 63 candidates of science, has became a tangible generator of outstanding ideas, fundamental knowledge and valuable practical innovations.

Nauka v Sibiri (Science in Siberia), 2005

Prepared by Yaroslav RENKAS


© biblio.vn

Permanent link to this publication:

https://biblio.vn/m/articles/view/ACETYLENE-IN-ORGANIC-SYNTHESIS

Similar publications: LVietnam LWorld Y G


Publisher:

Vietnam OnlineContacts and other materials (articles, photo, files etc)

Author's official page at Libmonster: https://biblio.vn/Libmonster

Find other author's materials at: Libmonster (all the World)GoogleYandex

Permanent link for scientific papers (for citations):

Yaroslav RENKAS, ACETYLENE IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS // Hanoi: Vietnam (BIBLIO.VN). Updated: 25.09.2018. URL: https://biblio.vn/m/articles/view/ACETYLENE-IN-ORGANIC-SYNTHESIS (date of access: 15.07.2024).

Publication author(s) - Yaroslav RENKAS:

Yaroslav RENKAS → other publications, search: Libmonster VietnamLibmonster WorldGoogleYandex

Comments:



Reviews of professional authors
Order by: 
Per page: 
 
  • There are no comments yet
Related topics
Publisher
Vietnam Online
Hanoi, Vietnam
515 views rating
25.09.2018 (2119 days ago)
0 subscribers
Rating
0 votes
Related Articles
ИНДИЯ: ВОЕННАЯ ДОКТРИНА И ВООРУЖЕННЫЕ СИЛЫ
13 hours ago · From Ngon Dan
SOCIETY AND THE STATE IN CHINA
Yesterday · From Ngon Dan
AT THE ORIGINS OF RUSSIAN-VIETNAMESE RELATIONS: THE FIRST EMBASSY OF THE DRV IN MOSCOW
Yesterday · From Ngon Dan
REUNITED VIETNAM: THE FIRST DECADE OF DIFFICULT SEARCHES AND SOLUTIONS
Yesterday · From Ngon Dan
IGOR ALEXANDROVICH OGNETOV (1932-2008)
2 days ago · From Ngon Dan
TO THE 80TH ANNIVERSARY OF V. Y. ARKHIPOV
2 days ago · From Ngon Dan
OIRATO-CHINESE RELATIONS AFTER THE TUMU DISASTER OF 1449
2 days ago · From Ngon Dan
TANG DYNASTY PENAL LAWS ON THE DISCIPLINE OF OFFICIALDOM
2 days ago · From Ngon Dan
SHENG YUE-POLITICIAN, DIPLOMAT, SCIENTIST
2 days ago · From Ngon Dan
BOOKS ON ORIENTAL STUDIES PUBLISHED BY MOSCOW PUBLISHERS IN 2006.
2 days ago · From Ngon Dan

New publications:

Popular with readers:

News from other countries:

BIBLIO.VN - Vietnam Digital Library

Create your author's collection of articles, books, author's works, biographies, photographic documents, files. Save forever your author's legacy in digital form. Click here to register as an author.
Library Partners

ACETYLENE IN ORGANIC SYNTHESIS
 

Editorial Contacts
Chat for Authors: VN LIVE: We are in social networks:

About · News · For Advertisers

Vietnam Digital Library ® All rights reserved.
2023-2024, BIBLIO.VN is a part of Libmonster, international library network (open map)
Keeping the heritage of Vietnam


LIBMONSTER NETWORK ONE WORLD - ONE LIBRARY

US-Great Britain Sweden Serbia
Russia Belarus Ukraine Kazakhstan Moldova Tajikistan Estonia Russia-2 Belarus-2

Create and store your author's collection at Libmonster: articles, books, studies. Libmonster will spread your heritage all over the world (through a network of affiliates, partner libraries, search engines, social networks). You will be able to share a link to your profile with colleagues, students, readers and other interested parties, in order to acquaint them with your copyright heritage. Once you register, you have more than 100 tools at your disposal to build your own author collection. It's free: it was, it is, and it always will be.

Download app for Android