L. Y. PROKOPENKO, Candidate of Historical Sciences
Institute of Africa, Russian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: Zambia, foreign policy, African Union, SADC, NEPAD, economic diplomacy
October 24 marks the 50th anniversary of the declaration of independence of the Republic of Zambia, and October 30 marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between our countries. For half a century, Zambia has gone from becoming a young state to a country that is one of the examples of ethno-political stability in Africa.
An important area of Zambia's foreign policy is interaction with the United Nations and the African Union (AU, formerly the Organization of African Unity / OAU), of which it became a member in 1964, as well as with numerous international and regional organizations. There are about 40 foreign embassies in the country's capital, Lusaka. This city has repeatedly become the venue for important forums at the continental and regional levels. In July 2001, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was approved at the regular OAU Summit in Lusaka, and a month later, the Southern African Development Community Standby Brigade (SADC) was also announced at the summit of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). and the Zambian military.
LED BY AND AFTER K. KAUNDA
One of the main principles of Zambia's foreign policy is non-alignment with blocs and military groupings. The country maintains good neighborly relations with its neighbors - Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola. During the period when the United National Independence Party (UNIP) led by Kenneth Kaunda (1964 - 1991) was in power, Zambia supported the position of the OAU in resolving conflict situations on the African continent, participated in the political settlement process in Angola, mediated in resolving conflict situations in Mozambique and Sudan, 1 and supported the anti-colonial struggle of the SWAPO (People's Republic of South West Af ... Read more