A. A. ERMAKOV
Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod
Keywords: Hamas, Hezbollah, Israel Defense Forces, fighting, Gaza Strip
Modern international relations are characterized by an increasing role and influence of non-state actors.1 In this regard, it should be noted that the beginning of the XXI century was marked by the multiplication of conflicts in the international arena, during which States are confronted by non-State actors in military-political relations. One of the most striking examples of such conflicts is the confrontation between Israel and the Palestinian movement Hamas.
Ensuring the security of Jewish settlements located in the Palestinian enclave for years has cost the State of Israel not only large financial costs, but also many lives of military personnel. 2 Under the circumstances, Tel Aviv has decided to implement a program of unilateral separation from the Palestinians. The 38-year-old Israeli presence in the Gaza Strip ended in 2005.3
By this point, the balance of power in the Palestinian-Israeli confrontation was completely in favor of Israel.4 The Hamas movement took advantage of the Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip by launching military construction on its territory, which used the experience of Hezbollah (the Party of Allah), a Lebanese organization with well-trained military formations on a national scale. 5
During the Second Lebanon War in the summer of 2006, the "Party of Allah" was able to successfully resist Israel, although its defeat seemed inevitable in Tel Aviv. 6 Hezbollah not only resorted to the use of rockets to attack Israel, but also significantly improved the classical methods of guerrilla warfare, 7 creating a system of powerful underground mines in Southern Lebanon. Figure 8. The Lebanese militant organization also has a diverse arsenal of anti-tank weapons to combat armored vehicles. Hezbollah's strategic line is aimed at" absorbing " an Israeli strike by dispersing forces in different areas ... Read more