E. I. KRANINA
Candidate of Economic Sciences Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences
China. WTO, trade liberalization, environmental sustainability. GM products, ecosystem services, environmental management crisis Keywords: For more than 10 years of China's participation in the World Trade Organization (WTO), the environmental situation in the country has not improved. Some of the problems associated with environmental degradation have even worsened. But there are also new opportunities and hopes.
On the one hand, for China, a country with an inefficient and nature-intensive economy, WTO accession was fraught with high energy and resource intensity of production, increasing environmental costs, as the growing demand on world markets for Chinese products stimulates the recovery of the national economy with a concomitant increase in the burden on natural systems. On the other hand, participation in the WTO sets the country the task of meeting international standards and, in particular, the requirements of the international certificate of quality of environmental management systems.
The PRC is improving legislation in the field of environmental cooperation, conservation of biodiversity, genetic resources, and development of biotechnologies; creating a platform for trade in patents and various forms of intellectual property in accordance with WTO requirements, taking into account that direct policies of WTO member countries related to environmental protection and public health do not fall under the agreements of this organization.
HOW DOES THE WTO FIT INTO INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
International environmental law is a set of principles and norms of international law that govern the relations of its subjects in the field of environmental protection and rational use of resources.1 Environmental protection is one of the main goals of international cooperation and an integral part of the concept of international security. Relevant agreements are a ... Read more