FROM THE MEMOIRS OF N. S. KHRUSHCHEV
V. V. BELYAKOV
Doctor of Historical Sciences
Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: USSR, Egypt, N. S. Khrushchev, G. A. Nasser, Aswan dam
Russia's relations with Egypt, which have noticeably warmed over the past two years, are sometimes compared to those that existed half a century ago, during the joint construction of the high-rise Aswan dam. But the grandiose construction on the Nile was the result of a difficult process of rapprochement between the two states, which began shortly after the Egyptian revolution of 1952.
At the origins of the relationship between the USSR and Egypt were two outstanding personalities-Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev (1894-1971) and Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918 - 1970). In 1953, after Stalin's death, Khrushchev was elected First Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, and in 1958 he took the post of Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Nasser was the soul of the 1952 revolutionary coup, headed the government, and in 1956 was first elected President of Egypt.
Some time after his retirement in October 1964, N. S. Khrushchev began to dictate his memoirs. Their transcripts are kept in the Russian State Archive of Modern History (RGANI) in Moscow. The bulk of these memoirs are published 1. But the extensive section (49 pages of typewritten text) on how relations between the USSR and Egypt developed was not included in this publication.2 Meanwhile, it is of undoubted interest.
We offer the readers of the magazine fragments from this section of N. S. Khrushchev's memoirs with some comments.
* * *
"I want to write about Egypt, about relations with the Egyptian state and the new leadership that came to power after the revolution committed by young officers of the Egyptian army and led by Nasser and Amer.
After the first coup, Nasser and Amer, in my opinion, did not take a leading position. Then a general headed the government, I don't remember his last name ... Read more