G. V. LUKYANOV
National Research University "Higher School of Economics"
Keywords: "al-Fateh revolution", Libyan army, "jamahirization", Gaddafi, "Arab spring"
In the new millennium, in the face of the political challenges of our time and the new political reality that is developing before our eyes, the problem of interaction between the armed forces and state power, as well as the very participation of the army and military in the political process of the Arab world states remains as relevant as in the second half of the XX century, when countries like Egypt, Syria, Algeria, and Libya. It was the army that, in the absence of other similar institutions, became the driving force of society, which served as a catalyst and cradle of changes that led to a radical change in their path of socio-political development and the establishment of the power of the so-called "progressive regimes". The Army retained its function of protection, mobilization, and direction at the formal or informal level in parts of the Middle East region until the end of the first decade of the 2000s, when global and domestic changes challenged its dominant position.
In the light of the events of the "Arab Spring" of 2011, when authoritarian regimes in a number of countries faced the threat of collapse, the armies of these countries were perceived by the population and the public as an institution capable of performing two functions: either to preserve the power of agonizing regimes, standing up for them, or to restore order in conditions of chaos and anarchy, supporting
In Tunisia, where the ruling political party, interior ministry and security services were the mainstays of President Ben Ali's ruling regime rather than the army, the armed forces quickly joined the protesting population1. The situation is different in Egypt, where mass protests in Cairo and a long-standing conflict broke out in the ruling elite.2 The armed forces have abandoned the president and his family, and have become a kind ... Read more