A. A. ERMAKOV
Candidate of Historical Sciences
I. V. RYZHOV
Doctor of Historical Sciences
Lobachevsky Institute of International Relations and World History, Nizhny Novgorod State University
Keywords: State of Israel, Jerusalem, West Bank, "transport terrorist attacks", Hamas
In recent months, starting in October 2015, a wave of violence in the area of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict began and subsequently took on a prolonged character, which became known as the" Al-Quds intifada", i.e., the"Jerusalem intifada". Regarding these developments, Khaled Mashaal, chairman of the Hamas political bureau, said: "The current process is really the beginning of a 'classic' intifada with all the characteristics, and not just an uprising. " 1
What are the causes of this wave of violence, and what are its differences from previous intifadas, which disrupted the relative calm in one of the most saturated crisis situations and armed confrontation regions in the world?2 What are the prospects for further developments related to this intifada?
The answer to these questions is relevant due to the fact that the Israeli experience gained in countering many waves of violence is of interest to a number of States fighting terrorism. Although the "Al-Quds intifada" is just a part of permanent violence, and not a qualitatively new round of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. In this regard, for a better understanding of it, it is advisable to refer to the events immediately preceding it.
FIGHT "ON TWO FRONTS"
In the summer of 2014, the State of Israel had to fight in both parts of the Palestinian arena-both in the Gaza Strip and in the West Bank. In June, three students from a religious school were abducted in the West Bank. The response was a large-scale operation "Bring back the Brothers", during which the Israeli security forces significantly weakened the infrastructure of the Palestinian radicals. In addition, the situation around the Gaza Strip escalated, which led to a new large - scale ... Read more