THERE ARE ONLY 15 THOUSAND OF THEM, BUT THEY MAKE A WORTHY CONTRIBUTION TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF A RENEWED CHINA
Yu. I. GUTIN
Postgraduate student of ISAA MSU
Keywords: China, Russian diaspora, elosyzu
Over the past decade, dozens of scientific and journalistic works have been published on the Russian emigration and its descendants living in different countries of the world today. Information about Russian diasporas in Western Europe and the United States often appears in the Russian media. However, there are practically no publications about such an interesting and unique phenomenon as the modern Russian diaspora in China.
In China, Russian citizens of the country are given much more attention both in scientific publications and in the media. Russians in China are officially recognized as one of the 55 national minorities, and new materials devoted to their life, customs, religion, socio-political and cultural activities often appear in the press, as well as on radio and television in this country.
At the same time, it should be borne in mind that Russians are one of the smallest among the peoples recognized by the official authorities of the PRC. According to the penultimate to date fifth national population census (2000; the results of the last - the 6th-conducted in November 2010, have not yet been published), the number of Russians in China is only 15609 people, of which about 8935 live in Xinjiang and 5020 in Inner Mongolia 1. According to the classification of Chinese ethnographers, local Russians belong to ethnic groups of mixed origin (Hunxue mingzu), since most of them have both Russian and Chinese roots.
Representatives of the Russian national minority can be found in a wide variety of areas of social, political, cultural and sports life in China-from the National People's Congress to cinema and equestrian sports.
Who are the Russians represented in these areas? What do they see as their own goals and objectives? And how does their Russian origin affect the ... Read more