I. V. ZELENEVA
Doctor of Historical Sciences
Saint Petersburg State University
Keywords: Russian-Indian energy cooperation, energy security, opportunities and threats of the energy dialogue, energy diplomacy
At the beginning of the XXI century, India's economy is developing quite dynamically, which increases its need for energy resources, in their uninterrupted, sufficient and safe delivery. The role of India's partner in ensuring energy security can be played by the Russian Federation.
The mutually beneficial nature of Russian-Indian cooperation is determined by the following factors.
First, the economic development of India, which contributes to increasing the demand for energy resources, which are already in short supply in India itself. The country, home to 15% of the world's population, has only less than 1% of global oil reserves. The Government of India estimates that oil demand will grow by 5% annually over the next 20 years, while natural gas demand will increase by 3 to 4% annually. This means that oil demand will double to 3.1 million barrels in the next 10 years. per day (b / s). At the current rate of production (about 750 thousand b / d), the reserves explored in the country will last no more than 11-12 years.1
To achieve national energy security, India is interested in stable long-term oil and gas supplies. That is why India puts energy cooperation first in its negotiations with Russia. According to a report by the International Energy Agency, by 2025 India will enter the top three largest consumers of energy sources, second only to the United States and China by this time 2.
Secondly, India is interested in Russian specialists working in the energy sector: there is a potential demand for such specialists of almost all profiles. This is evidenced by active cooperation in the field of education and training of international-level specialists involved in Russian-Indian projects.
Third, a special role in India's energy policy is played by nuclear energy, ... Read more