M. I. GOLMAN
Doctor of Historical Sciences Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Mongolia Keywords:, parliamentary elections 2012 .. Democratic Party. Mongolian People's Party, Government
In Mongolia, the ruling Mongolian People's Party (MNP)was defeated in the June 28, 2012 elections to the Great State Hural (VGH). The Democratic Party (DP) came to power after a long break. The Democrats ' first term at the top of the state in 1996-1999 was unsuccessful. So far, they've been more successful this time.
This is evidenced by the first budget, economic and social measures, the results of local elections in November 2012, the further strengthening of partnership relations with Russia and the increase in the international prestige of Mongolia, which became the first Asian country (other than the post-Soviet ones) to be admitted to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in November 2012.
FEATURES OF RECENT ELECTIONS
The sixth election to Mongolia's unicameral parliament, the Great State Hural, consisting of 76 deputies, after the victory of the democratic Revolution in 1990, differed from all previous elections in a number of ways.
They were conducted on the basis of the new electoral law adopted at the end of 2011. This law introduced for the first time a mixed system of elections: 28 deputies were elected on party lists, i.e. by proportional representation, and 48 - individually by majority system. The law strictly regulated the conduct of the election campaign, prohibited candidates from making populist slogans and money promises, limited the amount of expenses of candidates, etc.
For the first time, simultaneously with the VGH elections, elections to the Metropolitan Assembly of Citizens ' Representatives (SSP) of 45 deputies were held - a kind of analog of the City Duma.
For the first time, Mongolian citizens who were abroad participated in the elections. They voted on June 10, 2012 at their respective Mongolian rep ... Read more