E. I. DOROSHENKO
Candidate of Philological Sciences
Keywords: Libya, democratization, transition period, "direct democracy", pan-Arabism
February 17, 2014 marked the 3rd anniversary of the newest Libyan revolution. However, despite the physical removal of the" main obstacle "to democracy - former leader Muammar Gaddafi - and the destruction of the former political system of" direct popular power " - the Jamahiriya, the expected changes are almost invisible. The country still does not have a Constitution, public confidence in the official government-mainly due to security concerns - is steadily declining, and serious economic difficulties are also brewing, as oil exports have not been brought even to the level of 2012. The transformation process is clearly dragging on, and the "transition" disease is becoming worse. chronic: power in the country is still held by armed groups of former rebels, whose actions are hardly comparable to parliamentary debates.
What stands in the way of true democracy in Libya? Can we assume that the so-called "Libyan scenario" is limited exclusively to the military intervention of the NATO coalition, which led to the fall of the regime (and with it the centralized power in the country), or should the consequences be included in this concept?
In a statement issued on November 8, 2013, the Governments of France, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States expressed their support for "the Libyan people, whose efforts are aimed at the final establishment of democracy." Further, the Western powers, whose joint actions in 2011 proved fateful for Libya, note their concern, first of all, about" instability "and"the threat [that instability] poses to democratic transformations."
It follows from the text of the statement that "instability" characterizes both the security situation and the political and social situation in the country:
"We ... We support the political institutions created on the basis of the elections and call on Libyans to refrai ... Read more