E. M. RUSAKOV, Candidate of Historical Sciences
Despite the fact that during its existence the United Nations has adopted a number of fundamental documents relating to universal values, first of all, the UN Charter and the Declaration of Human Rights, the concepts of "democracy", "freedom" and "human rights" are interpreted differently by both scientists and politicians, sometimes in diametrically opposite directions. meaning.
And sometimes the discussion about universal values, as well as the dialogue of civilizations, take on the character of a conversation of the deaf. Last but not least, this is caused by insufficient attention to the basic, fundamental principles on which the approach of representatives of different civilizations and cultures is based.
In this regard, the opinion of an Iranian researcher on the interpretation of human rights by Islam is not without interest, although, of course, there are different points of view in the Muslim world itself.
It seems that the core of the philosophical and theological understanding of human rights presented by A. Saberi is that a truly spiritual, moral approach to human rights is possible only if we rely on religion and recognize a person as an unparalleled creation of God. "Human rights in Islam, as in other religions, have stronger foundations than those professed by Western society and international organizations. The fact is that they base laws and humanity in the protection of human rights only on the dignity of the individual (essence) of a person as such, and Islam and other religions recognize both the dignity of a person's personality and the value of his dignity as the most perfect creation of God," Saberi says.
The contribution of religions-Christianity, Islam and other confessions-world and local-to the treasury of civilizations, to the moral improvement of man is indisputable. Both Christianity and Islam were declared equal before God. But even before the emergence of monotheistic religions i ... Read more