V. S. KUZNETSOV
Doctor of Historical Sciences
China Keywords:, Muslims, Chinese Islamic Society
The general trend towards the politicization of Islam is also evident in the life of the multiethnic community of Chinese Muslims.
First of all, this concerns the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), in which separatist forces have become more active in recent years, under the banner of Islam, advocating the secession of Xinjiang. First of all, it is the "Islamic Movement of East Turkestan "(IMVT), which is associated with terrorist acts, calls to unleash jihad, as well as the inter-ethnic conflict in Urumqi in the summer of 2009.
Internal political stability in Xinjiang is a matter of particular concern to both central and local authorities.
The State Council's White Paper "China's National Security in 2008" states that separatist forces seeking "independence of East Turkestan" pose a threat to China's unity and security.
"We must fully realize that the fight against the three forces (terrorism, separatism, and religious extremism) is an acute, complex, and long - term task," SUAR Prime Minister Nur Bekri said in the government's report at the 2nd session of the Local People's Assembly 1. "Threats must be" suppressed in a timely manner." nip in the bud and prevent violent terrorist activity." The local population, Bekri insisted, must take "a clear stand (emphasis added) against ethnic separatism and illegal activities carried out under the guise of religion."2
All this gives a special and lasting urgency to the Muslim issue in China.3
At the same time, it should be noted that Muslims also live in other regions of the PRC, and religious extremism does not resonate everywhere among them.
ON THE STREET OF THE BULL
Beijing. Nyujie (Bull) Street.
It has traditionally been a kind of Muslim enclave. Several years ago, this was clearly demonstrated by the banners stretched across the street with the words "Huiming High School", "Huiming reading room", signs such as "Huimin ... Read more